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Flora and fauna

Květina

Flora on the hill Květnice

There are many rare thermophilic plant species mainly on the sunny, grassy and rocky areas of the forest steppes. They include for example elecampe (Inula oculus-christi), species of feathered grass (Stilpa capillata, Stipa pulcherrima), meadow rue (Thalictrum minus), thyme species (Thymus praecox, Thymus glabrescens). Other rare species can be found on the adjoining areas which may become a part of the protected area: saxifrage (Saxifraga paniculata), the thermophilic spurge (Tithymalus polychromus), mullein (Verbascum austriacum), bluebell (Muscari comosum), or bellflower (Campanula bononiensis).

The local woods are a varied mosaic of rare populations of trees depending on the different exposure, altitude and soil. On the sunny slopes there are oak woods made up of dogwood with naturally scattered and dwarfed populations of various oak species (Quercus pubescent, Quercus petraea), with patches of pine (Pinus sylvestris), ash tree (Fraxinus excelsior) and exceptionally also patches of rowan (Sorbus torminalis). There is also rich undergrowth consisting of cornelian (Cornus mas) and Turkish cherry (Cerasus mahaleb) as well as cornel (Swida sanguinea), barberry (Berberis vulgaris), viburnum (Viburnum lantana), or buckthorn (Rhamnus catharticus). At the end of the last century some parts of the rocky steppe were forested with the domestic common pine and also with the foreign black pine (Pinus nigra). The population of the heterogeneous acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia) is slowly spreading to free and rocky spaces, especially in the lower parts of the slopes. There is a natural population of beech tree (Fagus sylvatica) on the cold northern hillside over the valley of the brook Besének.

Holub

Fauna on the hill Květnice

The variety of the invertebrates is unusually rich on the hill. We shall mention at least the critically endangered praying mantis (Mantis religiosa), or the thermophilic slug Pupilla triplicata.

But also the vertebrates are represented by some protected and endangered species. On the free rocky spaces it is for example the widespread common lizard (Lacerta agilis), and in the woods the blindworm (Anguis fragilis). The stock dove (Columba oenas) and the flycatcher (Ficedula parva) belong to the rarest bird species with habitats on the slopes facing the North covered mostly with beech woods. The sunny forest steppes are the habitats of the water pipit (Anthus trivialis), redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus), or the common wryneck (Jynx torquilla). The nesting places of the grey flycatcher (Muscicapa striata) are to be found at the foothills of Květnice over the river Svratka. In the woods all over the hill Květnice lives the scattered population of another flycatcher species (Ficedula albiocollis).

Netopýr The subterranean karstic hollows under the hill Květnice constitute important winter quarters for 12 bat species including both rare sorts of leaf-nosed bats: Rhinolophus hipposideros and Rhinolophus ferrumequinum.

Based on the sources provided by Doc. Ing. Jan Lacina, Csc.